Text Completion Practice Test 2


Question 1

Motivating and changing the lives of other people is not that easy. If you are a person who can (1) __________ people towards a certain direction using the word of mouth, then be sure you are a motivator. Nevertheless, there are those who are good motivators and ‘bad motivators'. This gives you a question, ‘Where are you between the two?’ (2) ____________ yourself as a motivator rises from within. It is something that you slowly discover that it is within you. Although there are those who are trained, most of the (3) ___________ have to come from within you.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. influence
  2. guide
  3. steer
  1. imagining
  2. identifying
  3. judging
  1. words
  2. ideas
  3. basics

Correct Answer : influence, identifying, basics

Explanation:

The given paragraph is about motivational speakers. The author says that it is not easy to motivate others. In the second sentence, he says that if you think you are capable of doing the job of a motivator, then you should take the plunge. We reject the option ‘guide’. This rejection follows from the first sentence. The author is not telling you to guide others; he talks about motivating and changing the lives of people instead. From among the remaining options, the option ‘influence’ is the best fit. To ‘steer’ also means to guide, whereas to ‘influence’ means to impel a person to act according to your desires by the virtue of your power. Towards the end of the paragraph, the author is discussing how a person discovers whether he is a good motivator or not and he says that the discovery happens slowly. Hence, the most suitable option for the second blank is ‘identifying’. You have to ‘identify’ whether you are a motivational speaker or not. In the last sentence, the author mentions that some people are trained to be motivators. He uses the word ‘although’ to show that even when training is availed, there are some requirements of motivating that are innate. He says that the ‘basics’ have to come from within you. You are the one who lays the foundation and training can further assist you. The other options are not as suitable.

Question 2

Charisma is something that is hard to explain, but when you see one, you will immediately (1) _________ it. To explain in a layman term, charisma is not about being smart in getting what you want by using some trickery or (2) ____________ means. Simply put, charisma is about (3) ________ that exudes from your own unique personality. Charismatic people are able to inspire enthusiasm, interest, or affection in others by means of personal charm or influence. It is not about acting like a spoiled kid who wants to get his way all the time.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. understand
  2. recognize
  3. fathom
  1. manipulative
  2. indirect
  3. shrewd
  1. charm
  2. influence
  3. trepidation

Correct Answer : understand, manipulative, influence

Explanation:

For the first blank, we reject ‘recognize’ since the beginning of the paragraph says that it is hard to ‘explain’; the answer should be in line with this word. Out of the other two options, we select ‘understand’. To fathom means to discover the truth through penetration while to understand means to comprehend. The author is trying to explain the meaning of charisma; he wants the reader to understand it. To explain the meaning, he further says that trickery is not charisma. For the second blank, we select the option ‘manipulative’. The author explains the fine lines of difference between charisma and smartness. Hence, he is avoiding negative words that are character defining. For this reason, we reject the option ‘shrewd’. Out of the other two options, ‘manipulative’ is closer to ‘trickery’ and hence we select it. For the last blank, we reject ‘trepidation’ since it means fear. In continuation with the thought expressed in the previous sentence, this sentence should explain the means of ‘getting what you want’. The option ‘influence’ fits best, accordingly. Charismatic people get what they want through the influence that they exude, not from any trickery.

Question 3

In the automotive world, purchasing management is becoming an increasingly (1) _________ job. Purchasing management (2) ___________ deals with the (3) ___________ buying of all products used by a company, from office supplies to warehouses. As automotive companies expand and set up factories and warehouses on the international scene, purchasing managers have to work with other managers by phone or Internet to co-ordinate purchasing down to the smallest detail.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. challenging
  2. complex
  3. demanding
  1. typically
  2. essentially
  3. primarily
  1. rational
  2. corporate
  3. wholesale

Correct Answer : complex, essentially, corporate

Explanation:

For the first blank, the correct answer option is ‘complex’. The last sentence of the paragraph justifies this. In the last sentence, the author shows that since automotive companies are expanding, purchasing managers have to communicate with other managers and co-ordinate purchases. There are many details involved in this and hence the ‘management is becoming increasingly complex’. For the second blank, we reject the option ‘typically’ because it means conforming to a particular type. We do not need to know what purchasing management typically involves as we are not making any comparisons or drawing a contrast; the other options are more suitable. We ultimately choose ‘essentially’ over ‘primarily’. The author intends to define what purchasing management is. He explains what it means in essence or what is basic to purchasing management, he does not explain what it chiefly involves, indicating that there are other aspects also of the job. Purchasing management essentially involves purchasing products for the company and the process is further explained in the last sentence. For the last blank, the best answer option is ‘corporate’. Purchasing management is buying in a corporate set-up, whether it is ‘wholesale’ purchase or ‘rational’ or not is not of our concern. Hence, the correct answer is ‘corporate’.

Question 4

Environmental health practitioners might have to be (1) _____________ workers and change agents in addition to their roles of (2) __________ and preventing environmental health problems. Possessing knowledge alone might not help them provide valuable services in their field. They will have to work with an environmental health team to create (3) ________________ about environmental health issues among the community, and show how the locality can be made a better place to live and work.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. social
  2. community
  3. public
  1. altering
  2. tackling
  3. identifying
  1. concern
  2. consciousness
  3. awareness

Correct Answer : community, identifying, awareness

Explanation:

The hint towards the correct fill for the first blank lies in the last sentence. The author says that environmental health practitioners might have to be change agents by showing how the locality can be made a better place. The last sentence explains what they might have to do in addition to their roles. They might have to be ‘community’ workers by discussing environmental health issues among the ‘community’. Hence, we directly disregard other options. For the second blank, we select the option ‘identifying’. The role of an environment health practitioner is to identify the problem and prevent it from recurrence. The prevention can be done through making some ‘alterations’ and the whole process of identification and prevention collectively amounts to ‘tackling’ the problem. For the last blank, we select the option ‘awareness’. ‘Awareness’ and ‘consciousness’ are the only options related with knowledge about environment. While awareness is the first step, consciousness is the second. A person who is aware of the issue shall ultimately become conscious and responsible. Hence, we select ‘awareness’ to show the initialization of the process.

Question 5

Some people find themselves unable to stop multitasking even when it is not necessary. The idea behind this approach is that the multitasking will make it easier to finish all the action items (1) _________ on the agenda and enjoy some well-earned downtime. Unfortunately, people who have become obsessed with multitasking to manage their time never get around to having any downtime. Instead, they finish one set of projects and immediately start looking for another set to do at once. Multitasking as part of time management is fine, provided the tool is used with wisdom and (2) _________. When it becomes an end in and of itself rather than a means to reach a goal, it is time to step back and (3) _________ the situation.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. pending
  2. currently
  3. listed
  1. discretion
  2. insight
  3. intelligence
  1. analyze
  2. evaluate
  3. re-evaluate

Correct Answer : currently, discretion, re-evaluate

Explanation:

In the given paragraph the author tells us how some people multitask in order to enjoy some downtime. He discusses some aspects of multitasking in the paragraph. For the first blank, we reject the option ‘listed’. When it is on an agenda, it implies that the items are listed or organized. Hence, we reject this option. Out of the other two options, we select ‘currently’. There is no mention of multitasking for finishing pending work and hence we take the ideal situation and opt for ‘currently’. People multitask to finish the action items currently on the agenda. In the succeeding sentences, the author throws light on how people finish their tasks before time but immediately occupy themselves with another set of tasks. For the second blank, the correct answer option is ‘discretion’. The author cautions the reader against falling into a loop and finishing one task after the other without realizing the purpose of doing so. He says that multitasking is fine, until one does not lose his wisdom and sense of judgment. For the last blank, we select the option ‘re-evaluate’. The answer choice is clear because the author is telling the reader to rethink about his strategy; it is a corrective measure that he suggests. The other options are not as appropriate.

Question 6

This is called respiratory failure and it is (1) ___________. This does not happen frequently but it does happen, the best advice you can get is to get the treatment you need so you do not have to worry about it happening to you. Talk to your doctor before it is too late. Sudden death can occur at any time. The next best piece of advice I can give you about sleep apnea (2) ________ is to lose the excess weight. The more you lose the better off you will be and when you get to your ideal weight or even just meet your weight loss goal you may not have sleep apnea (3) ______.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. dangerous
  2. risky
  3. fatal
  1. problem
  2. obesity
  3. symptoms
  1. anymore
  2. recurrence
  3. woes

Correct Answer : fatal, obesity, anymore

Explanation:

For the first blank, we select the option ‘fatal’. There are two reasons for this. Firstly, the author says in the first sentence itself that the problem is called respiratory failure; clearly, a respiratory failure would lead to death. Secondly, he mentions in the fourth sentence that sudden death can occur at any time. For the second blank, the only word that fits in logically is ‘obesity’. The author says that he would advise the sufferer to lose excess weight, indicating that he suggests a cure for ‘sleep apnea obesity’. For the last blank, we select the option ‘anymore’. The writer says that when you lose weight to a desired extent, the problem might disappear and you might not suffer from sleep apnea anymore. He encourages the sufferer to lose weight in the sentence and it is amply clear from the language he uses. The option ‘recurrence’ is not logical. The other option is not as suitable as sleep apnea woes would obviously disappear once the problem disappears.

Question 7

In truth, listening, communicating, and (1) __________ are skills that go hand in hand. You must be able to see things from other people’s perspectives and deliver a message in such a way that is (2) ___________ or agreeable to them. If you cannot empathize with others, if you cannot put yourself in their shoes, you will not be able to really (3) ___________what it is they want.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. understanding
  2. sympathy
  3. empathy
  1. acceptable
  2. comprehensible
  3. likeable
  1. comprehend
  2. fathom
  3. interpret

Correct Answer : empathy, likeable, comprehend

Explanation:

The paragraph shows some aspects of listening to and communicating with others. The writer says that listening, communicating and ‘empathy’ go hand in hand. The fill for the first blank is clear from the last sentence. In the second sentence, he explains what he implies by listening and communicating. In the last sentence, he highlights the importance of empathy and hence we make the corresponding choice. In the second sentence, he says that you should communicate your ideas in such a manner that they agree with you. The author does not mean to say that the message should be such; he says that it should be delivered in such a manner. Hence, it is a matter subject to your performance. It is desired that the message be ‘likeable’ to them, at least it should be ‘agreeable’. To bring forward the ideal situation, we select the option ‘likeable’. For the last blank, we select the option ‘comprehend’. Though all the options mean the same, ‘comprehend’ shows a higher degree of understanding and hence we select the option.

Question 8

Hearing dispensers test the (1) ____________ and type of hearing loss, and help patients select the right hearing aid for them. The dispensers have to interpret the results provided by hearing assessment equipment, and to be familiar with hearing aid electronics and specifications. They will also have to carry out required (2) ___________ and programming to fit the aid to the hearing loss. Hearing aid dispensers have to get trained under a licensed hearing aid dispenser, and can then sit for (3) ___________ assessment examinations.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. degree
  2. category
  3. extent
  1. tests
  2. manipulations
  3. modifications
  1. competency
  2. voluntary
  3. optional

Correct Answer : degree, modifications, competency

Explanation:

For the first blank, we select the word ‘degree’. Clearly, the option ‘category’ is not correct and while ‘degree’ means a step or a stage, ‘extent’ means the scope of the extension. For the second blank, we readily reject the option ‘tests’ because the sentence is about fitting the hearing aid, which is a stage prior to testing, if at all any. The option ‘modifications’ is not logical; we cannot modify a hearing aid, though we can ‘manipulate’ it by skillful handling. For the last blank, we select the option ‘competency’. Whether the exams are voluntary or optional cannot be said. They most likely assess competence. This is an assessment of licensed hearing aid dispensers who can take advantage of getting their capabilities assessed.

Question 9

Some of the negatives associated with wind energy and wind turbines lie in the (1) __________ of wind. For example, no wind means the turbine does not rotate and electricity is not generated. Sites are another problem; rows and rows of wind turbines are just not (2) ________________ in a city of a few million people. The most important issue however lies in cost effectiveness, most power companies are still reluctant to invest in or buy their power from companies that use wind turbines. This is changing as governments around the world have started (3) ____________ power generation through alternative sources like wind.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. irregularity
  2. unpredictability
  3. unavailability
  1. available
  2. feasible
  3. possible
  1. subsidizing
  2. promoting
  3. endorsing

Correct Answer : unpredictability, feasible, subsidizing

Explanation:

The issues related with generation of power through alternative sources are being discussed. The writer opens the paragraph by focusing on the negatives associated with wind energy and wind turbines. We reject the option ‘unavailability’ because the author uses the unavailability of wind as an example to explain the negatives in the next sentence; he does not talk about the unavailability in general. Out of the remaining options, we select ‘unpredictability’ since it is more appropriate to explain the problem. Since one cannot predict how wind shall flow, we cannot arrange to curb the negatives. Wind could be regular, yet unpredictable. For the second blank, the correct answer option is ‘feasible’. We reject ‘available’ since the author puts forward the problem of sites. When sites are unavailable, then rows of wind turbines are not practicable and hence not available. The turbines can be installed if changes are made and hence it is possible, but not feasible. For the last blank, we select the option ‘subsidizing’ since fits in logically. The author says that buying power from companies that use wind turbines is not cost-effective and hence governments are promoting the use of alternative energy sources by providing subsidies.

Question 10

For you to be a public speaker who is motivating, you have to convey expertise and (1) _________ in the subject you are dealing with. If you are tackling a business niche, ensure that you have at least some (2) ___________ of what kind of business you are talking about. Avoid being (3) __________. People don't want to hear what they already know; they want something new, something that is touching their need. This means that you have to explore the environment and identify the area which is affected most as far as business is concerned, the same to other areas of life.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. information
  2. passion
  3. assurance
  1. details
  2. background
  3. basics
  1. repetitive
  2. general
  3. boring

Correct Answer : passion, basics, general

Explanation:

For the first blank, the option ‘assurance’ is not logical. The author is giving some advice to public speakers. He says that if you have to motivate people through a subject, you have to convey expertise. The expertise can be conveyed through ‘information’ and hence we reject this option as well; selecting it shall lead to a repetition. The word ‘passion’ fits in perfectly in the blank. The speaker has to motivate and hence he has to convey passion in his speech. For the second blank, we select the option ‘basics’. The option ‘details’ is incorrect since the author uses the words ‘at least’. He says that if you have to talk about a business related topic, you have to have at least some knowledge of the issue. ‘Background’ means the setting and ‘basics’ means fundamentals. Hence, the option ‘basics’ is suitable in the given context. This option is in agreement with the first sentence also where the author insists that you have to convey expertise to motivate others. Hence, when you have to tackle a business niche, you have to have some basic information. This sentence gives us the clue to the next blank as well. In the same line, the author says that you should avoid being ‘general’. You have to stick to the subject and impress the audience with your knowledge. If you do not gain basic knowledge, you shall not be able to build up a motivating speech by relying on general information and hence you will end up telling the audience what it already knows. Therefore, you should explore and prepare yourself beforehand.

Question 11

Phobias can, on rare occasions, have very serious (1) _______________ not just for our mental health but for our physical health too. A fear of the dentist might be a common subject in comedy, but losing your teeth because you were too afraid to get your toothache checked out (2) __________ isn't funny. Being unable to undergo important medical tests or procedures because of your fear of needles could even be life threatening, unless you face that fear head on and decide to tackle it. Whether you do this is under your own steam, but with the support of friends and/or professional help (3) ___________ fear from your life will make you a happier person.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. repercussions
  2. implications
  3. ramifications
  1. obviously
  2. definitely
  3. apparently
  1. eradicating
  2. diminishing
  3. removing

Correct Answer : implications, definitely, eradicating

Explanation:

For the first blank, we reject the option ‘ramifications’ since it means branches and the other options are more suitable. ‘Implications’ scores over ‘repercussions’ because a repercussion is often an indirect or remote result whereas an implication is a natural consequence. Phobias can have serious implications on our mental and physical health. For the second blank, we choose the option ‘definitely’. The author brings out the seriousness of the issue by comparing it with a comic situation and then by mentioning that losing your teeth to the fear certainty isn’t funny. Through the last sentence, the author is trying to encourage the sufferer to get some help. Hence, he has to show the most positive outcome of the treatment. He would thus use the strongest word to show the effect of treatment. To remove means to move from the position, whereas to eradicate means to remove completely. Hence, we choose the option ‘eradicating’. ‘Diminishing’ is definitely wrong since it means lessening, which is not the ultimate aim.

Question 12

Obstructed nasal airways can cause snoring. Obstructed airways happen from allergies or a sinus infection. (1) ___________ deformities such as nasal polyps or a deviated septum can cause obstruction. A deviated septum is a (2) ________ change in the thin wall in your nose separating one of your nostrils from the others. Relieving obstructed nasal airways often helps (3) __________ snoring. After all, you can't breathe when you're all jammed up!

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. nasal
  2. hereditary
  3. physical
  1. physical
  2. prominent
  3. structural
  1. minimize
  2. relieve
  3. remove

Correct Answer : physical, structural, minimize

Explanation:

We choose the option ‘physical’ over the other options. The option ‘hereditary’ cannot be selected because there is no reason for us to believe that the problems are passed from one generation to another. Out of the remaining options, we reject ‘nasal’ because this word is already used in the sentence and it would lead to a repetition. For the second blank, we cannot select the option ‘physical’ since it is already chosen for the first blank. We know that the problem is a physical one and there is no point in reiterating it. Out of the other two options, ‘structural’ is more logical. Whether the change is prominent or not makes no difference to the problem. The word ‘structural’ informs the reader better about what the problem is. The main issue discussed in the paragraph is that of snoring. The opening of the paragraph mentions that obstructed nasal airway can cause snoring. Hence, relieving obstructed nasal airways can ‘minimize’ snoring. The correct option for the last blank is ‘minimize’.

Question 13

Alternative Energy Solutions include all prime movers that can use a renewable (1) __________ resource to produce energy. This may be wind, thermal energy from the earth, and wave action in the shores and solar energy from the sun. Alternative energy resources can also include new technology like fuel cells. However the primary fuel humanity has long depended on has been oil. We now know from our own (2) ___________ that the oil reserves in the world are slated to be (3) ___________ by 2050. Simply put, the world is running out of gas!

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. cheap
  2. alternative
  3. natural
  1. calculations
  2. estimations
  3. projections
  1. unavailable
  2. saturated
  3. unviable

Correct Answer : natural, projections, unviable

Explanation:

For the first blank, we concentrate on the second sentence. All the instances mentioned in the second sentence pertain to ‘natural’ resources. We also infer the same from the third sentence. In addition to the natural resources, we can also include fuel cells. We cannot call them ‘cheap’ as we do not know what costs are involved in the production of energy and we cannot use the option ‘alternative’ since it would lead to a repetition. In the last two sentences, the writer is bringing our attention to the shortage of oil that we are likely to face. For the second blank, we reject the option ‘estimations’ since it means an approximate calculation and the sentence shows a little certainty. Out of the remaining options, we select ‘projections’ over ‘calculations’ since the former implies calculations about the future, thereby making the sentence more specific. For the last blank, we select the option ‘unviable’ since it best explains the meaning of the author. The other options lend ambiguity to the sentence.

Question 14

Depression is much more than mere (1) _______. It is defined as emotional dejection and withdrawal. We often say that we are depressed because something unfortunate happened during our day or we couldn't get our way. However, real depression is a (2) ________ diagnosed condition that often needs therapy plus some medication to relieve. There is a way to find out if you have a (3) _______ toward this condition. It is called a depression quiz. This test helps you determine whether you are showing signs of being depressed by the symptoms you express.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. anxiety
  2. sadness
  3. gloom
  1. clinically
  2. medically
  3. scientifically
  1. penchant
  2. tendency
  3. proclivity

Correct Answer : sadness, clinically, tendency

Explanation:

The option ‘anxiety’ is wrong for the first blank as the second and third sentences do not support it. Out of the other two options, we select ‘sadness’. There are two reasons for this. Firstly, the word ‘gloom’ basically means darkness. Secondly, the author needs a very basic word to describe depression. This is obvious because he uses the word ‘mere’. Hence, we select ‘sadness’ over ‘gloom’. For the second blank, the options ‘clinically’ and ‘medically’ are more suitable than ‘scientifically’. Out of these selected options, we prefer ‘clinically’ since it means something based on observation and treatment rather than experimentation. ‘Medically’, on the other hand, pertains to medicines. Since the sentence mentions therapy and medication both, we choose ‘clinically’ as the correct answer. For the last blank, we reject the word ‘penchant’ since it means a strong liking, whereas we are discussing an adverse condition. Out of the remaining options, we select ‘tendency’ since it is means a natural disposition.

Question 15

In today's world, it is not unusual for people to handle more than one task at a time. This is perfectly all right, as long as the tasks in question can be conducted (1) ___________ without causing a great deal of (2) _______. For example, it is possible to participate on a conference call while also sending instant messages to the moderator of the conference. The two activities actually work together without any real difficulty. However, many people attempt to conduct two or more labor-intensive tasks at the same time. This can lead to a great deal of inner conflict and possibly have a negative impact on the quality applied to all the tasks involved. In other words, instead of ending up with one task done well, you have two tasks that you may complete but are barely (3) _____________.

Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
  1. concurrently
  2. together
  3. smoothly
  1. upheaval
  2. confusion
  3. stress
  1. appreciated
  2. manageable
  3. acceptable

Correct Answer : concurrently, stress, acceptable

Explanation:

In the given paragraph, the author is saying that it is perfectly all right to do things side by side unless they do not cause any conflict. For the first blank, the option ‘smoothly’ is not correct. Out of the remaining options, we select ‘concurrently’ rather than ‘together’. It is clear from the example that the author means that the two jobs are being done side by side without interfering with each other. Hence, they are being done ‘concurrently’ and we select this as the correct answer option. For the second blank, we choose the option ‘stress’. This is clear when the author says that people involve in two or more labor-intensive tasks at the same time leading to a great deal of ‘inner conflict’. This clearly implies ‘stress’ rather than ‘upheaval’ or ‘confusion’. For the last blank, we select the option ‘acceptable’. The author mentions that people undertake two or more tasks at the same time leading to inner conflict and a negative impact on the quality applied to the tasks. Consequently, the tasks could be barely ‘acceptable’. The correct answer option is obvious.