Sentence Equivalence Select Many Practice Test 4


Question 1

Let's face it, husbands and wives often have ___________ of their significant others and it is not always easy to live up to those.

  1. Hopes
  2. Expectations
  3. Demands
  4. Dreams
  5. Ideas

Correct Answer: A and B

Explanation:

The sentence is stating a fact and a bitter truth. This is why it opens with the words ‘let’s face it’. The option ‘demands’ is rejected since it is a strong word. The sentence does not talk of explicit demands that husbands and wives make on each other, it hints at the subtle and undisclosed wishes. These wishes are known to the partner and need no wording. That is why the author is asking the reader to ‘face’ this fact. The options ‘hopes’ and ‘expectations’ are the most suitable here. ‘Dreams’ and ‘ideas’ fail to bring out the true meaning of the author.

Question 2

Even __________ performers suffer from stage fright, some had it so bad they could barely perform.

  1. Renowned
  2. Seasoned
  3. Experienced
  4. Reputed
  5. Top

Correct Answer: B and E

Explanation:

The sentence highlights how people suffer from stage fright, showing how common it is to fear stage performances. The most appropriate words for the blank are ‘seasoned’ and ‘top’. Those who are at the top and are hence the most renowned and reputed performers also suffer from stage fright. Besides, those who are experienced and hence ‘seasoned’ to handle any kind of performance also experience cold feet due to stage fright.

Question 3

Cell phones tend to be tossed around and ___________ a lot of fingerprints, dirt, and scratches.

  1. Gather
  2. Sustain
  3. Imprint
  4. Get
  5. Accumulate

Correct Answer: A and E

Explanation:

The options ‘sustain’ and ‘imprint’ are clearly incorrect. Out of the remaining options, we select ‘gather’ and ‘accumulate’. Cell phones collect fingerprints, dirt and scratches as they are tossed around. The problem is not with their getting these, but with fingerprints, dirt and scratches remaining on the cell phones. Hence, we use the words ‘gather’ and ‘accumulate’.

Question 4

She was deeply loved and spoilt to say the __________ and will be greatly missed.

  1. Least
  2. Truth
  3. Worst
  4. Best
  5. Reality

Correct Answer: A and B

Explanation:

The speaker tells how much she was loved and also mentions that she was spoilt. That is why she would be greatly missed. The aspect of love leads us to choose the option ‘least’. She was deeply loved, to say the least. The aspect of being spoilt leads us to choose the option ‘truth’. She was spoilt to say the truth. The other options are relatively unsuitable.

Question 5

Man needs warmth, society, leisure, comfort and security: he also needs _________, creative work and the sense of wonder.

  1. Pleasure
  2. Disassociation
  3. Growth
  4. Solitude
  5. Isolation

Correct Answer: D and E

Explanation:

The sentence brings forth the varied needs of man. He author compares his needs out of society and his needs at a personal level. When the author says that man needs warmth, society, leisure, comfort and security, he highlights his requirements out of society and relations. In these points, he covers the aspect of ‘pleasure’ and hence we reject the option. In the latter part of the sentence the words ‘creative work’ and ‘sense of wonder’ are mentioned, which convey the same sense as the word ‘growth’ does and hence we reject this option as well. Out of the remaining options, we select ‘solitude’. The word means a state of being alone and it need not necessarily mean ‘alone’. Hence, where one needs society one needs solitude as well. The second option that we select is ‘isolation’. Man needs to be connected with the society for comfort and security and so we cannot use the options ‘disassociation’, but he needs to be isolated sometimes.

Question 6

Most of the ways economists talk among themselves would sound _________ enough to poets, journalists, business people, and other thoughtful folk.

  1. Economical
  2. Scientific
  3. Plausible
  4. Improbable
  5. Reasonable

Correct Answer: C and E

Explanation:

The word, ‘economical’ cannot be used in the context as indicated by the blank and hence, A is incorrect. B is also incorrect as it is unlikely that the talk of economists could sound scientific. Out of the remaining options, C and E are the only options that carry the same meaning and would impart the same sense to the sentence when placed in the blank. Therefore, C and E are the correct answers.

Question 7

The culture of the conversation makes the words _________.

  1. Ethnic
  2. Arcane
  3. Conversational
  4. Esoteric
  5. Significant

Correct Answer: B and D

Explanation:

The sentence implies that the missing word is describing the words in the conversation. This makes it evident that ‘conversational’ cannot be the missing word as it would render the sentence meaningless when seen in totality. A is also incorrect as the sentence refers to the culture or the ethnicity of the words being discussed at the beginning of the sentence and therefore, the missing word cannot be ‘ethnic’. Out of the given answer options, B and D are the only options that carry the same meaning and which fit into the meaning that is likely to be conveyed by the missing word. Therefore, B and D are the correct answers.

Question 8

Economics uses mathematical models and statistical tests and market arguments, all of which look alien to the _________ eye.

  1. Learned
  2. Economist
  3. Mathematical
  4. Literary
  5. Scientific

Correct Answer: A and D

Explanation:

The missing word is referring to someone for whom the mathematical models and statistical tests appear alien. This implies that the missing word cannot be ‘economist’, ‘mathematical’ or ‘scientific’. ‘Literary’ fits in well with the meaning being implied by the sentence as a whole and the word, ‘learned’ means the same as ‘literary’. Therefore, A and D are the correct answers.

Question 9

Good historians, though not _________, are serious thinkers about data.

  1. Artists
  2. Scientists
  3. Analysts
  4. Writers
  5. Chemists

Correct Answer: B and C

Explanation:

The sentence implies that good historians can handle data quite seriously even though they are not what is being referred to by the missing word. This means that the missing word is referring to someone who is known to handle data very well. Hence, out of all the given answer options, it is evident that B and C are the correct answers as they mean the same and they impart the same meaning to the sentence when either of them is placed in the blank.

Question 10

It is akin to bringing scholars to _________the better argument and reject the worse.

  1. Welcome
  2. Discard
  3. Rebuff
  4. Accept
  5. Disallow

Correct Answer: A and D

Explanation:

The missing word describes the action taken by the scholars in respect of the better argument. It has been clearly brought out that it is the worse argument which is rejected. Therefore, B, C and E are all incorrect as they carry the same meaning as reject. This implies that A and D are the correct answers as they mean the same and placing either of them in the blank will complete the meaning of the sentence as a whole.

Question 11

He speaks to a community of voices and he desires to be heeded, praised, published, and _________.

  1. Censured
  2. Reproached
  3. Honoured
  4. Denounced
  5. Acclaimed

Correct Answer: C and E

Explanation:

The subject being referred to in the sentence wishes to be heeded, praised and published. Therefore, it is evident that the missing word will be a positive word and it cannot be a word like ‘censured’, ‘reproached’ or ‘denounced’. Therefore, the correct answers are C and E as using either of them in the blank completes the meaning of the sentence as a whole.

Question 12

The conversations of classicists or of astronomers rarely affect the lives of other people, but those of _________ do so on a large scale.

  1. Archaeologist
  2. Economists
  3. Palaeontologist
  4. Statisticians
  5. Cosmologist

Correct Answer: B and D

Explanation:

The missing word refers to people whose conversations affect the lives of millions of people unlike those of classicists and astronomers. This implies that A, C and E are clearly incorrect as ‘archaeologist’ and ‘palaeontologist’ means the same as ‘classicist’ and ‘cosmologist’ means the same as ‘astronomer’. ‘Economist’ and ‘statistician’ refers to the same type of people and hence, B and D are the correct answers.

Question 13

The purpose here is to see if this is true, and to see if it is _________.

  1. Beneficial
  2. False
  3. Valid
  4. Useless
  5. Useful

Correct Answer: A and E

Explanation:

The word, ‘valid’ fits in well with the meaning being conveyed by the sentence, but there are no other synonyms for ‘valid’ in the given list of answer options and hence, C is incorrect. B is clearly incorrect as something cannot be true and false at the same time. Out of the remaining answer options, A and E are the correct answers as they mean the same and each of them fits in well with the meaning being conveyed by the sentence.

Question 14

Rhetoric is an economics of language, the study of how scarce means are allocated to the _________ desires of people

  1. Literary
  2. Ordinary
  3. Insatiable
  4. Voracious
  5. Satiable

Correct Answer: C and D

Explanation:

Each of the answer options, when placed in the blank would render a significant meaning to the given sentence. However, we need to pick out two words such that placing either of them in the blank would render the same meaning to the sentence. Therefore, C and D are the correct answers as they are the only two synonyms in the given list of answer options.

Question 15

If the economic conversation were found to depend a lot on its _________ forms, this would not mean that economics would be not a science.

  1. Technical
  2. Verbal
  3. Scientific
  4. Logical
  5. Oral

Correct Answer: B and E

Explanation:

The missing word describes a form of the economic conversation the presence of which does not imply that economics would not be a science anymore. In other words, the missing word refers to an aspect which is not related to science. Therefore, the correct answers are B and E as all the other answer options are related to an aspect of science.