Analogies Practice Test 5


Question 1

AUTOBIOGRAPHY : AUTHOR

  1. autograph : signature
  2. self-sufficiency : provision
  3. automation : worker
  4. self-portrait : artist
  5. autopsy : doctor

Correct answer:D

Explanation

An autobiography is the life-story of an author as written by himself; a self-portrait is the picture of an artist as drawn by himself.

Question 2

CUMULUS : CLOUD ::

  1. lake : ocean
  2. carnivore : meat
  3. glacier : blizzard
  4. evergreen : tree
  5. evening : daylight

Correct answer:D

Explanation

Cumulous is the adjective for a type of cloud; evergreen is adjective for a type of tree.

Question 3

PATTER : RAIN ::

  1. rainbow : storm
  2. call : telephone
  3. clank : chain
  4. volume : radio
  5. eruption : volcano

Correct answer:C

Explanation

Patter is the sound made by rain; clank is the sound made by a chain.

Question 4

SOLITUDE : RECLUSE ::

  1. attention : exhibitionist
  2. courtesy : braggart
  3. poverty : donor
  4. abuse : official
  5. persecution : director

Correct answer:A

Explanation

(A recluse is a person who avoids the company of others) A recluse seeks solitude, an exhibitionist seeks attention.

Question 5

METICULOUS : DETAIL ::

  1. tidy : order
  2. wicked : morality
  3. memorable : facts
  4. uniformed : events
  5. jovial : smile

Correct answer:A

Explanation

A meticulous person is very particular about details; a tidy person is very particular about order.

Question 6

FETTER : MOBILITY ::

  1. nourish : appetite
  2. enfeeble : strength
  3. soothe : composure
  4. distract : ignorance
  5. fortify : reconnaissance

Correct answer:B

Explanation

A fettered (meaning chained) person lacks mobility (meaning movement); an enfeebled (meaning weak) person lacks strength.

Question 7

INDECIPHERABLE : DECORDED ::

  1. enfranchised : voted
  2. anarchical : reprimanded
  3. irrefutable : disproved
  4. prodigal : returned
  5. infamous : known

Correct answer:C

Explanation

An indecipherable message cannot be decoded; an irrefutable fact cannot be disproved.

Question 8

AUTHORITARIAN : DISCIPLINE ::

  1. heckler : sincerity
  2. pragmatist : utility
  3. glutton : abstinence
  4. polemicist : conciliation
  5. infiltrator : purity

Correct answer:C

Explanation

An authoritarian insists on discipline, a pragmatist (meaning a practical person) insists on utility (meaning usefulness.)

Question 9

EXHORTATION : ENCOURAGE ::

  1. eulogy : condemn
  2. tirade : reproach
  3. conversation : debate
  4. lecture : ramble
  5. sermon : praise

Correct answer:B

Explanation

Encouragement is a mild form of exhortation (meaning strong persuasion); reproach (meaning criticism) is a mild form of tirade (meaning strong abuse.

Question 10

DISCERNING : NUANCES ::

  1. hypocritical : motives
  2. brave : decisions
  3. artless : possessions
  4. slothful : results
  5. sensitive : slights

Correct answer:E

Explanation

A discerning (meaning perceptive) person easily reacts to nuances (meaning delicate differences); a sensitive person easily reacts to slights (meaning insults).

Question 11

BARK : TREE ::

  1. skim : fruit
  2. dew : grass
  3. seed : flower
  4. peak : hill
  5. wake : boat

Correct answer:A

Explanation

Bank is the outer cover of a tree; skin is the outer cover of a fruit.

Question 12

EXCERPT : BOOK ::

  1. type : page
  2. script : play
  3. solo : routine
  4. clip : film
  5. drama : musical

Correct answer:D

Explanation

An excerpt is a selection from a book; a clip is a selection form a film.

Question 13

PIROUETTE : DANCER ::

  1. touchdown : referee
  2. motivation : coach
  3. somersault : acrobat
  4. model : sculptor
  5. rink : skater

Correct answer:C

Explanation

A dancer does pirouettes (meaning dance movements in which the dancer spins round on her toe); an acrobat does somersaults.

Question 14

HARBOR : SAFETH ::

  1. quicksand : security
  2. music : disturbance
  3. prison : confinement
  4. restaurant : starvation
  5. oasis : thirst

Correct answer:C

Explanation

A harbor is meant for safety; a prison is meant for confinement.

Question 15

BLUEPRINT : BUILDING ::

  1. receipt : money
  2. symphony : concert
  3. map : automobile
  4. briefcase : lawyer
  5. agenda : meeting

Correct answer:E

Explanation

A building is built according to its blueprint; a meeting is held according to its agenda.