How is TOEFL Scored?

TOEFL is conducted by the ETS, Educational Testing Service and is also scored by them. ETS TOEFL scores do not categorize a person as pass or fail. Each institution has got its own specific ETS TOEFL score requirement that the candidate needs to satisfy for joining that particular institution.

ETS TOEFL score is valid for a period of two years. ETS TOEFL score is accompanied by a performance report that provides feedback about your performance in the various tasks. ETS TOEFL score is accepted by more than 8500 institutions across 130 countries. The scores are available after two weeks from the day of the test. ETS TOEFL score can be viewed online and can be received through mail. ETS TOEFL scores are not sent to any other person or institution unless you give permission for doing so.

How is TOEFL Scored?

TOEFL is considered as a standardized test as the ETS TOEFL score is made available after being rated by human invigilators as well as by automated scoring methods. The invigilators are trained experts and are carefully monitored by an expert team of the ETS. The scoring is done through a centralized system to provide the necessary security and integrity to the ETS TOEFL score. This assures that no candidate is deprived of the advantages to which he has a right. There are chances that a scoring system involving only humans may be affected by the mood swings of the invigilator; the ETS scoring system prevents any such incidents.


TOEFL PBT format tests the reading, writing and listening skills. The Structure and Written Expression tests your basic knowledge of English and the Test of Written English (TWE) requires you to write an essay. The Listening and the Structure and Written Expression sections are scored on a scale of 31-68, whereas the Reading section is scored on a scale of 31-67. TWE is scored on a scale of 0-6 and the scores are displayed separately in the TOEFL score report. The total scores appear in the range of 310-677 which are the converted scores based on your raw scores.


TOEFL iBT section tests the reading, listening, speaking and writing skills and each section is scored on a scale of 0-30, amounting to a total score of 120.

The Reading section contains 36-56 questions, which includes reading 3-4 passages. Listening section contains 34-51 questions which include listening to lectures, discussions and conversations. The Reading and Listening sections are scored on a scale of 0-30.

Speaking section contains six tasks which include speaking about topics that are of a general kind and speaking after reading and listening about a topic. Each speaking task is scored on a scale of 0-4 and is converted to a scaled score of 0-30.

Writing section contains two essays: one essay for expressing your opinion on a familiar topic, the other requires writing an essay after reading and listening to a particular topic. Each writing task is scored on a scale of 0-5 and is converted to a scaled score of 0-30.

ETS TOEFL scores provide a medium for pursuing higher education and they are also required for visa processing for certain countries. Getting a high ETS TOEFL score is a prerequisite for all these purposes. ETS TOEFL score in the range of 22-30 is considered as a high score and a score in the range of 15-21 is considered as good for the different sections of the TOEFL iBT.

A high ETS TOEFL score can be achieved by rigorous practice and hard work. There are several sources available for TOEFL preparation which can be selected according to your requirement for getting a good ETS TOEFL score.

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