How is TOEFL Scored?

TOEFL is conducted by the ETS or Educational Testing Service and is also scored by them. The scores do not categorize whether a candidate has passed or failed. Each institution has got its own specific score requirement that the candidate needs to satisfy for joining that particular institution.

The score is valid for a period of two years and accompanied by a performance report that provides feedback about your performance in the various tasks. It is accepted by more than 8500 institutions across 130 countries. The scores are available after two weeks from the day of the test and they can be viewed online and can be received through mail. ETS TOEFL scores are not sent to any other person or institution unless you give permission for doing so.

How is TOEFL Scored?

TOEFL is considered as a standardized test as the score is made available after being rated by human invigilators as well as by automated scoring methods. The invigilators are trained experts and carefully monitored by an expert team of the ETS. The scoring is done through a centralized system to provide the necessary security and integrity to the system. This assures that no candidate is deprived of the advantages to which he has a right. There are chances that a scoring system involving only humans may be affected by the mood swings of the invigilator; the ETS prevents any such incidents.


TOEFL PBT tests reading, writing and listening skills. The Structure and Written Expression tests your basic knowledge of English and the Test of Written English (TWE) requires you to write an essay. The Listening and the Structure and Written Expression sections are scored on a scale of 31-68, whereas the Reading section is scored on a scale of 31-67. TWE is scored on a scale of 0-6 and the scores are displayed separately in the score report. The total scores appear in the range of 310-677 which are the converted scores based on your raw scores.


TOEFL iBT section tests the reading, listening, speaking and writing skills and each section is scored on a scale of 0-30, amounting to a total score of 120.

The Reading section contains 36-56 questions, which includes reading 3-4 passages. Listening section contains 34-51 questions which include listening to lectures, discussions and conversations. The Reading and Listening sections are scored on a scale of 0-30.

Speaking section contains six tasks which include speaking about topics that are of a general kind and speaking after reading and listening about a topic. Each speaking task is scored on a scale of 0-4 and is converted to a scaled score of 0-30.

Writing section contains two essays: one essay for expressing your opinion on a familiar topic, the other requires writing an essay after reading and listening to a particular topic. Each writing task is scored on a scale of 0-5 and is converted to a scaled score of 0-30.

The scores provide a medium for pursuing higher education and they are also required for visa processing for certain countries. Getting a high score is a prerequisite for all these purposes. Obtaining a score in the range of 22-30 is considered as high and the range of 15-21 is considered as good for the different sections of the iBT.

A high score can be achieved by rigorous practice and hard work. There are several sources available for preparation which can be selected according to your requirement for getting a good score.