MCAT Subjects

What Subjects Are Tested In MCAT and Why

List of MCAT Subjects

MCAT is a pre med exam; hence, the subjects too are pertaining to the same. Students are tested for their knowledge of the basic concepts and principles of Science, along with English, which helps determine the cognitive abilities of the students.

Following are the four Subjects of MCAT

  1. Physical Sciences
  2. Biological Sciences
  3. Writing Sample
  4. Verbal Reasoning

Why Has MCAT Chosen These Particular Subjects?

  1. Physical Sciences: It is quite obvious why the Physical Sciences are a part of the MCAT. However, there are a few facts that you should know about the reasons for selecting Physical Sciences. One of the major reasons for taking this test is that it is a gateway to medical professions. Why do you need to read about Newtonian Dynamics or Work-Force-Energy correlations? The answer is to understand your scientific competency. MCAT tests your knowledge of the fundamental principles of Physics and Organic Chemistry. It tests how well a potential medical student can interpret the basic principles of science and his level of understanding of the basic concepts. Physical Sciences contain the laws and methods of the natural world. Although the questions asked may not be directly connected in any way to the medical profession, they do represent the basic level of problem solving abilities in an individual. These questions are prepared to assess your knowledge base in General Chemistry and Physics.
  2. Biological Sciences: Biological Sciences subject has been a part of MCAT since a long time. MCAT tests the problem solving abilities of the test taker through the questions asked in Biological Sciences. The syllabus of Biological Sciences includes questions from Biology and Organic Chemistry. The topics are cell division, muscular systems, skeletal systems, lymphatic system, respiratory and circulatory systems, enzymatic activity, viruses and bacteria, hydrocarbons, nomenclature, stereochemistry, spectroscopy, hydrolysis and dehydration, amino acids and proteins as well as laboratory techniques.
  3. Verbal Reasoning: Verbal Reasoning tests how well your reasoning works with words. Some people may be intelligent but they have problems in coherence and articulation. In this case intelligence is of little use if you cannot understand and process the information that is given to you. In order to test this, Verbal Reasoning has been a part of MCAT subjects since a long time. It is also assumed that most of the graduate careers need a basic level of verbal reasoning in order to succeed in various professions. One should be able to analyze, interpret and understand the written words, especially if they are of a complex nature. A person with good verbal reasoning skills should be able to construct arguments, analyze conclusions and base arguments with a strong premise.
  4. Writing: The basic idea of including Writing as a domain in MCAT is because physicians are meant to communicate well with their patients, colleagues as well as the general public. It is a physician's job to communicate the deliberations of health care in a cogent manner to the general public. Physicians are active participants in the delivery of good health care. For all these reasons it becomes absolutely mandatory for a physician to know the art of writing. The writing exam in MCAT tests the abilities to develop a main idea, connect the concepts and ideas that are presented, write and present all the ideas in a coherent manner and finally, develop the overall structure of the write-up, with respect to the syntax, punctuation, grammar etc.

The MCAT question-makers design the questions in a way that will reflect the abilities of the test-takers as physicians. Your approach while taking the exam should be likewise.

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