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An entrance examination is one of the ways of judging the candidates for their aptitude required for the intended course. LSAT (Law School Admission Test) is one such entrance exam conducted for entry into law schools in the US and Canada. LSAT is administered by LSAC (Law School Admission Council). It is like any other aptitude test which requires thorough preparation, the right approach and correct practice. Knowing the test paper pattern and LSAT Questions is the first step towards the preparation of LSAT. LSAT comprises of five sections. There are two Logical Reasoning sections in LSAT. The rest are Analytical Reasoning, Reading Comprehension and Experimental section. LSAT also has a section on writing an essay. All LSAT Questions are of multiple choices. There are around 101 LSAT Questions in every LSAT test. Each section of LSAT has about 24 to 28 LSAT Questions. The total duration of the exam is three hours and 25 minutes. The number of LSAT Questions can vary as per the decisions of LSAC.
The Logical Reasoning section is 35 minutes long with 24 to 26 questions in it. Logical Reasoning section is designed to test your ability to analyze the given passage and deduce logical inferences out of it. Here short passages are given and questions are asked based on them. These passages are extracts from a variety of sources like articles based on humanities, social sciences and natural sciences. They can also be parts of speeches and letters to an editor. There are one or two questions based on each of these passages.
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The LSAT Questions from the Logical Reasoning section are aimed at checking your ability to identify the point or argument behind the passage. One needs to find out the assumptions involved in such arguments. One is also expected to identify and apply principles given and draw reasonable conclusions. Once you are able to reason out the arguments then you can find out the relations as well as the errors in them. You can also deduce how additional facts can support or conflict with the premise of the argument.
One does not require special skills to solve this section. Your undergraduate level studies involve use of logic in various subjects like math. As the name suggests, this section requires you to be logical at attempting each LSAT Question in it. This is true for the preparation also. You need to first read each question carefully and understand it. Each LSAT Question is generally made up of two or three parts. You must try to understand each of these parts first. This way you can co-relate these parts and find out what exactly is being asked. Then you should read each answer choice carefully. You will find that some of the answers are not related to the question at all. You can straightaway score off these answers and focus on the remaining choices. Some of the answers may be true with respect to the argument given. But they may not be the right answers. So, do not select the answers just because of their trueness. You need to evaluate each answer choice with respect to the question being asked. This means that along with the premise of the argument the context of the question is equally important.
LSAT Questions in Analytical Reasoning section are mostly based on logic games. This section is divided into four sets. Each set is of five to seven LSAT Questions. Each of these sets is based on different types of games. Total LSAT Questions in Analytical Reasoning section are about 24. This section is 35 minutes long.
LSAT Questions of this section are designed to check your ability to understand the relations in the given information and come to the conclusion based on the principles given. Here you need to apply the conditions and rules of the game. The passages involve relations among various entities like people, places, objects or events.
A standard analytical reasoning ability is required to play these games of matching, ordering and grouping. This matching, ordering and grouping can be based on anything like age, time, positions, cities, relationships etc. For example the passage may be given about a family and the questions asked are to find out the relationship between any two members of the family. LSAT Questions can be about lengths or heights of things wherein you need to order them correctly and arrive at an answer. These orderings can be of two types i.e. static or dynamic. Static ordering cannot change and is given directly. Dynamic ordering is given with respect to one another. For example a passage may be given about the ages of people in a family with respect to only one of them. This means that as the age of this person changes, the ages of others in the family shall also change accordingly.
This section also requires you to read the given passage carefully and analyze the exact relationships among the given facts. One may underline or note down the key words / points and draw rough diagrams showing the relations. Some of these key words are "never", "equal to", "than", "like", "only", "exactly", "must be" etc. This can speed up your process of answering. You should attempt to finish off with one passage before moving on to another. Otherwise you will spend extra time revising the relationships mentioned in the given passage. There is no relationship between the length of the passage and difficulty of the questions based on it. So, read each passage carefully and independently. Draw the inferences purely based on the information and the facts given and not based on your own assumptions. It is also important to note here that every question may not necessarily require you to draw a diagram.
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