RC Select Many GRE Sample Questions 5

GRE RC Select Many Sample Questions

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RC Passage

Tantra itself means “to weave, to expand, and to spread”, and according to tantrik masters, the fabric of life can provide true and ever- lasting fulfillment only when all the threads are woven according to the pattern designated by nature. When we are born, life naturally forms itself around that pattern. But as we grow, our ignorance, desire, attachment, fear, and false images of others and ourselves tangle and tear the threads, disfiguring the fabric. Tantra “sadhana” or practice reweaves the fabric, and restores the original pattern. This path is systematic and comprehensive. The profound science and practices pertaining to hatha yoga, pranayama, mudras rituals, kundalini yoga, nada yoga, mantra, mandala, visualization of deities, alchemy, ayruveda, astrology, and hundreds of esoteric practices for generating worldly and spiritual prosperity blend perfectly in the tantrik disciplines. Proper recitation of mantras helps invoke the natural forces to produce the desired effect. “Tantrasadhana” or tantrik meditation and worship helps one attain many supernatural powers. These powers may be used for good or for bad purposes. When this scientific aspect of tantra falls into the hands of charlatans, it is inevitably misused giving tantra a bad name. Fortunately, however, there are still tantrik masters, authentic scriptures to undercut such false and distorted notions and make it possible for us to gain a better understanding of this sublime path.

Directions: Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

1. In the context in which it has been used, ‘esoteric practices’ is closest in meaning to

  • A. ‘practices intended for and understandable by only those who practice Tantra’
  • B. ‘practices commonly known to the public’
  • C. ‘practices undertaken by tantriks only’
  • D. ‘unlawful activities’
  • E. ‘practices related to meditation’
Answer

The correct answers are A and C.

The word, ‘esoteric’ is used to refer to something that is understood by or is meant for only those people who have the interest or special knowledge pertaining to that thing. For other people that thing would be a thing of mystery or it would be obscure. This implies that ‘esoteric practices’ would mean practices that are intended for and understood only by those people who follow those practices or believe in them and this case it would be the people who follow the tantric philosophy. This makes it evident that options B, D and E are all incorrect and A and C are the correct answers.

2. The practice of “Sadhana”

  • A. helps in overcoming one’s shortcomings that refrain one from attaining complete satisfaction from life
  • B. assists in giving up all worldly pleasures
  • C. is disjointed from tantrik practices
  • D. helps one to live life as nature intended
  • E. helps one to adapt to an artificial life
Answer

The correct answers are A and D.

Sadhana is a tantric practice that helps in ‘reweaving the fabric of life’ as nature had intended. It has been clearly brought out that tantric practices are an amalgamation of both worldly pleasures and spiritual beliefs. Moreover, tantric philosophy follows the path of nature as has been brought out in the passage. This implies that B, C and E are incorrect and A and D are the correct answers.

3. Which of the following describes the path being referred to in “This path is systematic and comprehensive”?

  • A. Hath yoga
  • B. Tantra sadhana
  • C. The Tantrik approach to life
  • D. Kundalini Yoga
  • E. Esoteric practices
Answer

The correct answers are B and C.

The path in question is the entire path outlined by the tantra practices. This implies that B and C are both correct. Options A and D refer to practices that are complete by themselves and they form a very small part of the entire tantric philosophy. They cannot be termed as the entire path being discussed. Therefore, A and D are incorrect. E is ambiguous as it makes no reference to the esoteric practices that are being indicated. E could have been correct if it clearly indicated that the esoteric practices being referred to are related to tantric practices. In its present form, E could be referring to any of the exoteric practices being followed in the world and hence it is incorrect. In view of the above, it is evident that B and C are the correct answers.

4. In the context in which it has been used ‘sublime’ nearly means

  • A. Contrived
  • B. Futile
  • C. August
  • D. Divine
  • E. Controversial
Answer

The correct answers are C and D.

The word ‘sublime’ is used to refer to something that is great or divine. The word, ‘august’ carries the same meaning as grand. Contrived, futile and controversial do not carry the same meaning as great or divine. This implies that A, B and E are clearly incorrect and C and D are the correct answers.

5. Which of the following conclusions based on the contents of the passage are justified?

  • A. Our life is woven around what nature has planned for us
  • B. As we grow our life starts deviating from what nature had intended for us
  • C. Tantra practices are misused by tantrik practitioners
  • D. It is not possible to supersede the bad reputation earned by tantra
  • E. Tantra can be termed as a form of science
Answer

The correct answers are B and E

The author brings out that as we grow, the fabric of life gets disfigured; in other words it is no longer what nature had intended for us. He emphasises that we need to practice ‘sadhana’ to make our lives closer to what nature had intended for us. Therefore, A is incorrect and B is correct. C is clearly incorrect as it has been brought out that the scientific aspect of tantra practices is misused when it falls in the hands of charlatans or pretenders who do not have a good knowledge of these practices. These practices are not misused by all tantriks. It is the tantrik masters who work towards undercutting all false notions and making people understand the tantrik practices and their scientific aspects. Therefore, C and D are incorrect and E is correct. Therefore, B and E are the correct answers.

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