Importance of ASVAB for Navy Aspirants

How to Decide Your Target ASVAB Scores for the Navy?

ASVAB or the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude is the test that is used for selection of candidates to the U.S. Military Services including the U.S. Navy. Here, we shall understand the various requirements for getting recruited in the U.S. Navy.

General ASVAB Information:

There are two versions of the test available for the candidates who want to take up the ASVAB. These are the computer based, CAT-ASVAB and the paper based, P&P-ASVAB. There are some minor differences in the pattern of these two versions but the scores are equated, which means that whichever version of the test you take up, the scores of the test will remain the same. The main difference between the two versions is that there are 10 subtests in the case of CAT-ASVAB but only 9 in the case of P&P-ASVAB. All the questions are multiple-choice questions and the level of these questions pertains to the high school level.

The Navy and the AFQT

AFQT stands for Armed Forces Qualifying Test and this score is used for the U.S. Armed Forces enlistment. The score requirements for getting enlisted in the Navy are 36 for the active recruits and 31 for reserve enlistment. The Navy generally accepts only those candidates with a high school diploma. However, a few GED graduates are also accepted but the minimum score they have to achieve is higher at 50.

Jobs at the Navy

The jobs in the Navy are called "ratings" and similar ratings are grouped under "communities". There are thirteen such communities and these are:

  1. Administration Community,
  2. Aviation Community,
  3. Cryptologic Community,
  4. Intelligence Community,
  5. Medical/Dental Community,
  6. Nuclear Community,
  7. SEABEE Community,
  8. Security Community,
  9. Special Warfare/Special Operations Community,
  10. Submarine Community,
  11. Supply Community,
  12. Surface Combat Systems/Operations Community and
  13. Surface Engineering Community.

For the recruitment of the enlisted candidates for the different available jobs, the composite scores are used. Various formulae are used on the standard scores to calculate the composite scores.

Requirements for the Navy

For getting enlisted in the U.S. Navy candidates should attain a minimum score in the AFQT. This is the first step in getting enlisted. The composite scores reflect the candidate's ability and aptitude. Therefore, based on the composite scores, a job in the Navy will be offered to the enlisted candidates.

Setting a Target Score

While setting a target score, the candidates must consider many aspects; and a target AFQT score and a target composite score are the major two among those. After these two target scores are set, it is easier for the candidates to work towards achieving them.

AFQT Target Score- The candidates must know the requirements of the AFQT scores for the Navy before setting a target. This target score should be above the minimum that the navy requires for enlistment purposes because only if the candidates get a score above the minimum score, will they be selected.

Target Composite Score- The candidates must know the field of the Navy they would like to join. Based on this, the target composite score must be set and the scores of the subjects that are used for the calculation must be given more importance while preparing for the test.


Once you have decided to take up the ASVAB, the first thing you must do is set a target score. While setting the target you must take the score requirements and the job you want to join for consideration.  When the target score is set, you can work towards achieving it. By taking practice tests, you can understand your position and analyze how much more hard work you should put in. Nevertheless, it is best to do all the hard work you can and get the target score. This will ensure that you get enlisted in the U.S. Navy.
Another important point the candidates must remember is that all the jobs in the Navy may not be available all the time. Therefore, if the job they are interested in is not available, they must be ready to accept the next best job offer.