Minimum ASVAB Scores

How to decide your target scores?

Armed Services Vocational Aptitude battery or the ASVAB is your passport to getting enlisted in the U.S. Military Services. Each wing of the Military Services requires different minimum ASVAB scores.

ASVAB Scores

To know about the ASVAB scores and the minimum ASVAB scores, you need to understand the different formats in which these scores are released. The ASVAB scores are released in three formats.

1. The Standard Scores

The ASVAB test comprises of subtests, 9 in the case of Paper and Pencil test format (P&P-ASVAB) and 10 in the case of Computer Adaptive Test format (CAT-ASVAB). These subtests are General Science. Mechanical Comprehension. Electronics Information, Auto Information, Shop Information, Arithmetic Reasoning, Mathematics Knowledge, Word Knowledge, Paragraph Comprehension and Assembling Objects. In case of P&P-ASVAB, the Auto Information and Shop Information subtests are merged into a single subtest, Auto and Shop Information, thus reducing the number of subtests by one. The individual scores of the different subtests are the standard scores. These scores are obtained by applying a process called "equating" to the raw scores of the different subtests. To nullify any difference arising from the difference in the form or administration mode, in which a candidate takes up the test, the ASVAB score is subjected to a process called "equating" This process is statistically linked across the different forms and administration modes. Due to this process of "equating", all ASVAB scores hold the same meaning.

2. The AFQT Scores

The AFQT score or the Armed Forces Qualification Test score is the most important scoring format. The score you get in this format decides whether you get enlisted in the U.S. Military Services or not. This score is calculated by computing the scores of four of the subtests of the ASVAB. The subtest scores used for the calculation of the AFQT scores are Arithmetic Reasoning (AR), Mathematics Knowledge (MK), Paragraph Comprehension (PC) and Word Knowledge (WK). This score is reported as a percentile score ranging between 1 and 99.

3. The Composite Scores

The Composite Scores are calculated by using various rules and formulae on the different subtests' Standard Scores. These scores are used for the assignment of jobs.

Minimum Scores

To get enlisted into the U.S. Military Services, candidates need to get minimum ASVAB scores in the AFQT format. These scores are different for the various wings of the U.S. Military Services. There are five wings in the U.S. Military; the Army, the Navy, the Marine Corps, the Air Force and the Coast Guard. The minimum ASVAB scores for these different wings are given in the table below:

Wing Minimum ASVAB Score
Army 31
Navy 35
Air Force 40
Marine Corps 32
Coast Guard 45

Setting the Target Score

When you prepare for any exam, it is best to keep in mind a target score. This will help you to work harder. By taking practice tests you will be able to understand the amount of work you need to put in to achieve your target score. However, it is better to set a target which is more than the minimum ASVAB score that you require to get enlisted in the U.S. Military Services.

To set the target score, first decide on which wing of the Military Services you want to join. The second step is to identify the job that you want to join. The Composite Scores you get will decide on the job you are most suitable for.
This website gives the broad fields of the available jobs in the military, and the different subtests used for computing the Composite Scores for each of these fields. This means that you can allot more time to the subtests whose scores will be computed for the specific job you require.
In any case, it is better to set a high target and work towards it since sometimes the job you are interested in may not even be available.


Understand the minimum ASVAB scores well and work towards achieving them. At the same time, draft a study schedule and stick to it. This will help you ace the ASVAB with a score higher than the minimum ASVAB scores and get you enlisted in the U.S. Military Services with the job you desire.

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