Top 5 job options in Marine Corps and ASVAB
Job options in the U.S. Marine Corps are based on the ASVAB scores. ASVAB stands for Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery. This is the exam that the candidates interested in joining the U.S. Military Services must take up. In order to acquaint you with the information pertaining to this test, in the first part of the article details of the exam Marine ASVAB have been discussed. The later part of the article explains about the job opportunities and eligibility criteria for the various jobs in the Marine Corps.
About the ASVAB Test
ASVAB is a multi-aptitude test battery. The aptitudes of the examinees in four domains, Science and Technology, mathematics, Verbal and Spatial, are tested through a battery of tests. There are subtests in each of these domains.
- The Science and Technology Domain
- General Science (GS)
- Mechanical Comprehension (MC)
- Electronics Information (EI)
- Auto Information (AI)
- Shop Information (SI)
- Mathematics Knowledge (MK)
- Arithmetic Reasoning (AR)
- Word Knowledge (WK)
- Paragraph Comprehension (PC)
- Assembling Objects (AO)
There are 2 versions of the marine ASVAB test and the candidates can choose the version they would like to take up the test in. The versions are,
1. CAT-ASVAB - This is the computerized test type. There are 10 subtests in this marine ASVAB version as given above. This is an adaptive version of the test, which means that, the difficulty level of the questions is adapted to the capacity of the examinees.
2. P&P-ASVAB- Paper & Pencil ASVAB- This is the traditional method of exam administration. In this version, there are 9 subtests. The Auto Information (AI) and Shop Information (SI) are merged into one subtest, the Auto and Shop Information (SI) in this version of the test.
Question Types, Sections and Duration of the Test
All the questions in the marine ASVAB are multiple-choice questions. There is no negative marking for wrong answers. The total time duration for the test is around 2 hours and 30 minutes. The number of questions and the time allotted for each subtest is different for the two versions of the test. A major difference between the CAT-ASVAB and the P&P ASVAB is that in CAT-ASVAB, each candidate gets a different set of questions but in P&P-ASVAB all the candidates get the same set of questions.
|Subtest||Description||No. of Questions||Time Duration (minutes)|
|General Science (GS)||Knowledge of physical and biological science||16||25||8||11|
|Arithmetic Reasoning (AR)||Ability to solve Arithmetic word problems||16||30||39||36|
|Word Knowledge (WK)||Ability to identify the right meaning of the given word||16||35||8||11|
|Paragraph Comprehension (PC)||Ability to collect information from the given passage||11||15||22||13|
|Math Knowledge (MK)||Knowledge of high school math principles||16||25||20||24|
|Electronics Information (EI)||Electricity and electronics knowledge||16||20||8||9|
|Auto Information (AI)||Automobile knowledge||11||25 (AS)||7||11(AS)|
|Shop Information (SI)||Tools and shop technology terminology and practices||11||6|
|Mechanical Comprehension (MC)||Mechanical and physical principles knowledge||16||25||20||19|
|Assembling Objects (AO)||Ability to understand how an object will look when its different parts are put together||16||25||16||15|
Another major difference between the two test versions is that the candidates can move to the next subtest after finishing the previous one in the CAT-ASVAB. Whereas, in the P&P-ASVAB only after the allotted time is completed, a candidate can move to the next subtest.
ASVAB scores determine whether a candidate has qualified for the U.S. Military Services or not. There are 3 formats of the score,
I. The Standard Score- This is the standard score a candidate gets in each subtest after equating. Equating is a process where the scores are statistically linked across the various administration modes and forms. ASVAB scores remain the same irrespective of the mode of administration a candidate receives due to this equating process.
II. The AFQT Score- The Armed Forces Qualification Test score or the AFQT score decides whether a candidate gets enlisted in the U.S. Military Services or not. For each of the military wings, there is a minimum AFQT score which qualifies for selection. The scores in Arithmetic Reasoning, Mathematics Knowledge, Word Knowledge and Paragraph Comprehension are used for the AFQT score calculation.
III. The Composite Score- The scores of the different subtests are used for the composite score calculation. This is also called the Line Score. These scores decide the candidate's job options in the Marine Corps. This score throws light on the aptitude of the candidates for the different jobs available in the Marine Corps.
Marine Corps Job Options
Based on the above mentioned marine ASVAB score formats, candidates are selected for the various job roles available in the U.S. Marine Corps.
Jobs in the Marine Corps are called "Military Occupational Specialty" or the "MOS". To get enlisted in the Marine Corps, one should score a minimum of 32 in the AFQT.
The Line Scores are calculated for selection into the different jobs available in the U.S. Marine Corps. The table below shows the MOS and the Line Scores used for selection.
The top 5 job options in the Marine Corps are, jobs in Electronics, jobs in Law Enforcement, jobs in the Media, jobs in technical Support and jobs in Logistics. Furthermore, there are specific jobs under each of these fields.
There are a lot of job opportunities available in the U.S. Marine Corps for all candidates who get enlisted. However, the candidates need to work hard to get the desired scores to qualify for the same.
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