ASVAB Testing Scores
Different Categories of ASVAB Scores
Though there are no separate ASVAB tests for enlisting to the various wings of US armed forces, the minimum score requirements for enlisting and classifying into the various military job titles differ for the various services. Also, the AFQT ASVAB testing scores are categorized into different clusters or groups to facilitate the enlisting and classifying functions. Read on to find out more about ASVAB testing scores, score categories, and their significance in the military enlisting process.
Depending on the version of the test administered, there are nine (in the traditional ASVAB) or ten (in the CAT-ASVAB) subtests in the ASVAB test; out of which, the scores of only four subtests are used to calculate the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) score, which determines the eligibility to military enlisting. The four subtests that contribute to the AFQT score are:
- Arithmetic Reasoning (AR)
- Mathematics Knowledge (MK)
- Paragraph Comprehension (PC)
- Word Knowledge (WK)
For example, the US Army has a minimum AFQT score requirement of 31 as of today; however, the Coast Guard minimum AFQT score requirement is that of 45. In addition, the ASVAB testing scores of all the subtests are used to classify the selected candidates into appropriate job roles within the concerned military wing. This is done by making different composites of the subtests, and then adding up the relative scores of each of the subtests in any composite or cluster. It should also be known that these clusters or lines differ for the various branches of military service. For more information on ASVAB testing scores, refer to: http://official-asvab.com/understand_coun.htm.
Thus, for each candidate taking up the ASVAB test, there are different ASVAB testing scores available in the ASVAB summary results sheet. These include the AFQT score, the CEP scores (if any), and the scores of the nine subtests (though the CAT-ASVAB administration includes ten subtests, while scoring, the Auto Information and Shop Information subtest scores are combined together). You can find a sample summary results sheet at: http://www.asvabprogram.com/downloads/ASR_Poster.pdf.
AFQT Score Requirements and Score Categories
As mentioned earlier, the AFQT and the ASVAB Testing Scores are not arrived at by simply adding up the individual scores of the subtests, rather they are calculated after using the standard or relative scores. Moreover, the AFQT scores are always reported in percentiles between one and ninety nine; that is, if your AFQT score is 89, you have done better than or equal to 89% of the representative sample of American youth. The AFQT percentiles are further divided into AFQT categories for reporting purposes. Also, candidates who score in categories IIIA or above only are considered for enlistment (http://official-asvab.com/eligibility_app.htm). Moreover, category V AFQT scores are not generally considered for enlistment (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armed_Services_Vocational_Aptitude_Battery).
|Score Range||AFQT Category|
Plus, each branch of the military forces has a different qualifying AFQT score as follows:
|Armed Force Service||Minimum AFQT Scores Required|
ASVAB Testing Scores for Classification
Job roles or MOS within the forces are determined based on the total ASVAB testing scores grouped appropriately (line scores or qualification areas), as mentioned earlier. Each of the branches has different lines of different subtests as per the job role requirements. The core lines or qualification areas of Air Force, Army, and Marine Corps are listed below:
Qualification Areas / Lines
Accordingly, the required ASVAB testing scores differ for each of the branches and as per the job roles that you are looking at. For example, if you are looking for an Air Force career in Electrical field, you should aim at getting good ASVAB scores in the associated subtests of Arithmetic Reasoning (AR), Mathematics Knowledge (MK), Electronics Information (EI), and General Science (GS). A score of EL100 makes you qualify for the position of Geographic Intelligence Specialist, while a score of E70 qualifies you for a career in Missile & Space Facilities and Precision Measurement Equip Lab.
The ASVAB testing scores are highly critical for an opening to military careers. Depending on your aspirations, and aptitudes, and the branch of military service, the score requirements might vary, though. Candidates should also remember that scoring requirements are prone to change without prior notice and hence should take extra care to be sure about all details of these requirements.
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