ASVAB Test Structure Explained

The ASVAB (Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery) test is meant for judging the capability of an individual to take up a military profession in the United States. This is a multiple aptitude test that one has to take for joining any military service. This test is taken by millions of military aspirants each year.

If you have decided to take the ASVAB test, then you need to be aware of the details such as question types, sections, duration and purpose of the test. Once you are familiar with the pattern, format and content areas of the test, you can be more focused on making a successful preparation for the test.

Formats of ASVAB Exam

The ASVAB test is conducted in two formats that are as follows:

  • Paper and pencil test format
  • Computer adaptive test format

All the questions in both the ASVAB test formats are of multiple-choice type.

Sections of ASVAB Exam

The Paper and Pencil ASVAB exam comprises different sections with a total of 225 questions that must be completed in 149 minutes. The Computer version of the ASVAB exam comprises different sections with a total of 145 questions that must be completed in 154 minutes. The different sections of the test include General Science, Arithmetic Reasoning, Word Knowledge, Paragraph Comprehension, Mathematics Knowledge, Electronics Information, Auto and Shop Information, Mechanical Comprehension, and Assembling Objects. The Paper and Pencil Administration format of the test includes the above said 9 sections. The Computer administration format of the test includes 10 sections as the Auto and Shop Information section is considered as two different sections (Auto Information section and Shop Information section).

Each section of the ASVAB test includes a predefined number of questions that must be completed within a specific time limit. For the exact details of the number of questions and time limit of each section, you can refer to the ASVAB official website

When you complete answering the questions in each section, you may review the answers until instructed to move to the next section. However, it is not possible to proceed to the next section or jump to a previous section without instruction in the paper and pencil ASVAB. Whereas in the Computer administration ASVAB, it is not possible to review or change your answer once it is submitted.

Content Areas of ASVAB Exam

The sections of the ASVAB exam can be categorized into four areas based on the skills tested in the sections. These four areas are:

  • Verbal
    The Word Knowledge section and the Paragraph Comprehension section of the exam, which test your skills in the verbal language.
  • Math
    The Arithmetic Reasoning and Mathematics Knowledge sections test your mathematical calculation skills, problem solving skills, and mental sharpness.
  • Science and Technical
    The General Science, Electronics Information, Auto and Shop Information, and Mechanical Comprehension sections test your basic knowledge in the Science and Technical subjects of science subjects that are necessary for military services.
  • Spatial
    The Assembling Objects section tests your visualizing ability that is required for specific military jobs.

Question Types of ASVAB Exam

You must be aware of the question types in each section of the ASVAB test. The different types of questions appearing in each section of the test are as follows:

  • Questions from life, earth, space, and physical science in the General Science section
  • Word problems in Arithmetic Reasoning section
  • Synonyms in Word Knowledge section
  • General reading comprehension questions in Paragraph Comprehension section
  • Math concepts and applications in Mathematics Knowledge section
  • Question from Electrical currents, circuits, devices, and systems in Electronics Information section
  • Questions from Auto maintenance and repair, wood- and metal-shop practices in Auto and Shop Information section
  • Questions from Principles of mechanical devices, structures, and the properties of materials Mechanical Comprehension section
  • Spatial aptitude questions in Assembling Objects section.

The ASVAB test is designed to judge a person's ability to be successful in the military career. Therefore, the content of this exam is different from that of other, commonly known college admission tests, such as ACT or SAT.
The information provided in this article should definitely provide you the required information related to the test structure of the ASVAB exam. For more detailed information, you can visit the official ASVAB website

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