ASVAB Scoring System

Interpretation of ASVAB Scores

The Armed Service Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) tests your ability to join the United States Armed Forces. The Armed Forces have certain basic requirements that a candidate must fulfill in order to join or enlist in the military services. The basic requirements range from nationality, age, education, and so on. The following are a few of the basic requirements:

  • Nationality: You should be a citizen of the United States
  • Age: Depends on the branch and position you want to join
  • Physical Standards: Height and Weight, variable according to the branch you are applying for

The ASVAB Test

Besides these requirements, military services require you to appear for the ASVAB test. This is the most important test that determines your eligibility for enlistment and training programs or jobs that are available in the Armed Forces. The ASVAB test is a standardized test, which means that it is a mandatory test that is uniform for all those who wish to join the Armed Forces.

Scores are a crucial aspect of the ASVAB test and the following aspects hinge on your scores:

  • Whether you are eligible to join or not
  • The branch of military services you qualify for
  • The rank you will join in
  • The enlistment bonus you will receive upon joining

Scores Computed from the ASVAB Test

The ASVAB scoring system includes a combination of scores that are computed from the ASVAB test. The following scores are computed:

  • AFQT score: The AFQT score is computed using the ASVAB scoring system. The AFQT score is calculated from the following four ASVAB sub-tests:
    • Arithmetic Reasoning (AR)
    • Mathematics Knowledge (MK)
    • Paragraph Comprehension (PC)
    • Word Knowledge (WK)
    AFQT scores are reported as percentiles between 1 and 99. The ASVAB scoring system calculates the percentile score in comparison to the scores achieved by other candidates in that user group. For example, consider a group of students between the age of 18 and 20 who have appeared for the test. Your AFQT percentile will be calculated in comparison to their AFQT scores. Therefore, if you have an AFQT percentile of 85, it means that you have scored the same as or better than 85% of the students in that age group.
    The table below lists the AFQT category and the score range for that category:
  • AFQT Category Score Range
    I 93-99
    II 65-92
    IIIA 50-64
    IIIB 31-49
    IVA 21-30
    IVB 16-20
    IVC 10-15
    V 1-9
  • General Technical score: The General Technical or GT score is another important score that is required for both enlisting purposes as well as for identifying an appropriate job for you in the military services. The GT score is made up of scores from the following sections:
    • Verbal Expression => Paragraph Comprehension and Word Knowledge
    • Arithmetic Reasoning
  • Military Occupational Specialty or line score: Line scores are calculated using a series of scores from the various subtests. Most jobs require you to be skilled in a specific subject; thus, the scores from these subjects are counted when considering your aptitude for that job. For example, a job requiring skills in the technology domain would require high scores in Electronics Information. Thus, it is vital that you try to score as high as you can so that you get a job of your choice.

Knowing More about your Scores of ASVAB

If you have appeared for the computerized test or CAT-ASVAB, you will know your scores immediately since the scores are calculated in tandem to the test. The CAT-ASVAB is an adaptive test. You will also obtain your percentile in all three areas (AFQT, GT, MOS).

However, if you appeared for the Paper-and-Pencil based test or P&P-ASVAB, you will need to wait till your recruiter informs you when the scores arrive. If you took the Career Exploration Program test at school, your counselor can help you with information about your scores.

The ASVAB scoring system applies to both the test formats. Irrespective of the format that you choose, the level of difficulty and ease is the same and the scoring principles apply to both.

If you feel that you have not done well in the test or have not secured the job of your choice, you can opt for retaking the test. However, there is a waiting period for this. If you took the ASVAB test for the first time, you will need to wait a month before you can take the retest. However, if it was your second attempt, you can appear for a retest only after a period of six months.

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