ASVAB Army

How important is ASVAB for the Army?

Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery or the ASVAB is a multi-aptitude test. This test is administered for the candidates who are interested in joining the U.S. Military Services. This test is conducted by the Department of Defenses.
ASVAB army is a very important and useful test as it helps you to understand your weaknesses and strengths. The score in this test will decide whether you get enlisted in the U.S. Army or not.

About the Test

The ASVAB consists of 10 subtests which fall under four domains. These domains and the subtests are:





1. The Science & Technology Domain

  • General Science (GS)
  • Mechanical Comprehension (MC)
  • Electronics Information (EI)
  • Auto Information (AI)
  • Shop Information (SI)

2. The Math Domain

  • Mathematics Knowledge (MK)
  • Arithmetic Reasoning (AR)

3. The Verbal Domain

  • Word Knowledge (WK)
  • Paragraph Comprehension (PC)

4. The Spatial Domain

  • Assembling Objects (AO)

Question Types and Duration

All the questions in the ASVAB are multiple-choice questions. The ASVAB army is administered in two versions, the CAT-ASVAB and P&P-ASVAB. The candidate can choose any one of these versions.

  • CAT-ASVAB - Computer Adaptive Test - ASVAB. In this version, there are 10 subtests as mentioned above.
  • P&P-ASVAB - Paper & Pencil - ASVAB. In this version of the test, there are 9 subtests; the Shop Information and Auto Information subtests are combined to form 1 subtest and it is called Auto & Shop Information (AS).

Type

Subtest

No. of Questions

Time Duration (minutes)

CAT-ASVAB

GS - General Science

16

8

AR - Arithmetic Reasoning

16

39

WK - Word Knowledge

16

8

PC - Paragraph Comprehension

11

22

MK - Mathematics Knowledge

16

20

EI - Electronics Information

16

8

AI - Auto Information

11

7

SI - Shop Information

11

6

MC - Mechanical Comprehension

16

20

AO - Assembling Objects

16

16

P&P-ASVAB

GS - General Science

25

11

AR - Arithmetic Reasoning

30

36

WK - Word Knowledge

35

11

PC - Paragraph Comprehension

15

13

MK - Mathematics Knowledge

25

24

EI - Electronics Information

20

9

AS - Auto & Shop Information

25

11

MC - Mechanical Comprehension

25

19

AO - Assembling Objects

25

15

Purpose of the ASVAB

ASVAB army mainly has two purposes. The first and foremost purpose is to determine whether the candidate is academically fit to get enlisted in the U.S. Army or not. The other purpose is to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the candidates and identify the best suited jobs for them. These are determined by the AFQT and Composite Scores respectively.

AFQT

The first step in getting enlisted in the U.S. Army is to get a minimum score of 31 in the AFQT score (in rare cases, the minimum score is decreased). AFQT stands for Armed Forces Qualification Test. This AFQT score is computed from the scores of 4 subtests, the Arithmetic Reasoning, the Math Knowledge, the Word Knowledge and the Paragraph Comprehension, of the ASVAB.

Army Line Scores or the Composite Scores

The ASVAB scores are broken down into groups and are called the Line Scores. ASVAB army line scores help in selection of the right candidates for specific army jobs. The combination of different subtest scores is called the composite scores. The composite score determines whether you qualify for a specific army job or not. The different job categories available in the Army and the way these scores are determined are given below:

  • Clerical (CL) - Verbal Expression + Arithmetic Reasoning + Mathematics Knowledge
  • Combat (CO) - Verbal Expression + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Comprehension
  • Electronics (EL) - General Science + Arithmetic Reasoning + mathematics Knowledge + Electronics Information
  • Field Artillery (FA) - Arithmetic Reasoning + Mathematics Knowledge + Mechanical Comprehension
  • General Maintenance (GM) - General Science + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Knowledge + Electronics Information
  • General Technical (GT) - Verbal Expression + Arithmetic Reasoning
  • Operators and Food (OF) - Verbal Expression + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Comprehension
  • Surveillance and Communications (SC) - Verbal Expression + Arithmetic Reasoning + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Comprehension
  • Skilled Technical - General Science + Verbal Expression +Mechanical Comprehension + Mathematics Knowledge

Conclusion

The ASVAB army is the most important test in a candidate's life, if his/her dream is to join the U.S. Army. Details of the test are given in this article. It is important that you learn about the test and prepare well for the test to get enlisted.




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