Army ASVAB

Question Categories in Army ASVAB

ASVAB stands for the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery. This is a timed multi-aptitude test and a good score in the ASVAB is your passport to joining the U.S. Military Services. The ASVAB is conducted by the Department of Defenses.

ASVAB test helps you to understand your strengths and weaknesses in Science, Math, Verbal and Spatial aptitude. This test also helps you identify an army job that best suits your abilities and strengths. Jobs in the U.S. Army are called the Military Occupational Services (MOS). There are more than 150 different jobs of soldiers for active duty and over 120 jobs for reserve duty in the U.S. army.





The ASVAB Test Composition

There are 10 subtests in the ASVAB. These are Arithmetic Reasoning (AR), Word Knowledge (WK), Mathematics Knowledge (MK), Electronics Information (EI), Paragraph Comprehension (PC),Auto Information (AI), Shop Information (SI), General Science (GS), Mechanical Comprehension (MC) and Assembling Objects (AO).

Question Types and Duration

The questions provided in the ASVAB are multiple-choice questions. Each subtest of the Army ASVAB consists of different number of questions. There are two versions of the Army ASVAB. One is the CAT-ASVAB and the other is the P&P-ASVAB

  • CAT-ASVAB or Computer Adaptive Test - ASVAB. In this version, there are 10 subtests as mentioned above.
  • P&P-ASVAB or Paper & Pencil - ASVAB. In this version of the test, there are 9 subtests, the Shop Information and Auto Information subtests are combined to form 1 subtest and it is called Auto & Shop Information (AS).
Type Subtest No. of Questions Time Duration (minutes)
CAT-ASVAB GS - General Science 16 8
AR - Arithmetic Reasoning 16 39
WK - Word Knowledge 16 8
PC - Paragraph Comprehension 11 22
MK - Mathematics Knowledge 16 20
EI - Electronics Information 16 8
AI - Auto Information 11 7
SI - Shop Information 11 6
MC - Mechanical Comprehension 16 20
AO - Assembling Objects 25 15
P&P-ASVAB GS - General Science 25 11
AR - Arithmetic Reasoning 30 36
WK - Word Knowledge 35 11
PC - Paragraph Comprehension 15 13
MK - Mathematics Knowledge 25 24
EI - Electronics Information 20 9
AS - Auto & Shop Information 25 11
MC - Mechanical Comprehension 25 19
AO - Assembling Objects 25 15

Purpose of the ASVAB

The main purpose of the Army ASVAB is to determine whether the candidate is suitable for getting enlisted in the U.S. Army or not. This is determined by the AFQT score. The other purpose of this test is to identify the candidate's strengths and assign him/her the best suited army job. This is determined by the Composite score.

AFQT

The first step in getting enlisted in the U.S.Army is to get a minimum score of 31 in the AFQT score (in rare cases, the minimum score is decreased). AFQT stands for Armed Forces Qualification Test. The AFQT score is computed from the scores of 4 subtests; the Arithmetic Reasoning, the Math Knowledge, the Word Knowledge and the Paragraph Comprehension, of the ASVAB.

Army Line Scores

The ASVAB scores are broken down into groups and are called the Line Scores. Army ASVAB line scores help in the selection for specific army jobs.The combination of different subtest scores is called the composite scores. The composite score determines whether you qualify for a specific army job or not. The different job categories available in the Army and how the scores for them are determined have been given below,

  • Clerical (CL) - Verbal Expression + Arithmetic Reasoning + Mathematics Knowledge
  • Combat (CO) - Verbal Expression + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Comprehension
  • Electronics (EL) - General Science + Arithmetic Reasoning + mathematics Knowledge + Electronics Information
  • Field Artillery (FA) - Arithmetic Reasoning + Mathematics Knowledge + Mechanical Comprehension
  • General Maintenance (GM) - General Science + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Knowledge + Electronics Information
  • General Technical (GT) - Verbal Expression + Arithmetic Reasoning
  • Operators and Food (OF) - Verbal Expression + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Comprehension
  • Surveillance and Communications (SC) - Verbal Expression + Arithmetic Reasoning + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Comprehension
  • Skilled Technical - General Science + Verbal Expression +Mechanical Comprehension + Mathematics Knowledge

Conclusion

The Army ASVAB score determines if you are fit to get enlisted in the U.S. Army or not. If your ambition is to join the U.S. Army, understand the ASVAB test format and prepare well. This will help you be part of the U.S. Army.




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