Question Categories in Army ASVAB
ASVAB stands for the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery. This is a timed multi-aptitude test and a good score in the ASVAB is your passport to joining the U.S. Military Services. The ASVAB is conducted by the Department of Defenses.
ASVAB test helps you to understand your strengths and weaknesses in Science, Math, Verbal and Spatial aptitude. This test also helps you identify an army job that best suits your abilities and strengths. Jobs in the U.S. Army are called the Military Occupational Services (MOS). There are more than 150 different jobs of soldiers for active duty and over 120 jobs for reserve duty in the U.S. army.
The ASVAB Test Composition
There are 10 subtests in the ASVAB. These are Arithmetic Reasoning (AR), Word Knowledge (WK), Mathematics Knowledge (MK), Electronics Information (EI), Paragraph Comprehension (PC),Auto Information (AI), Shop Information (SI), General Science (GS), Mechanical Comprehension (MC) and Assembling Objects (AO).
Question Types and Duration
The questions provided in the ASVAB are multiple-choice questions. Each subtest of the Army ASVAB consists of different number of questions. There are two versions of the Army ASVAB. One is the CAT-ASVAB and the other is the P&P-ASVAB
- CAT-ASVAB or Computer Adaptive Test - ASVAB. In this version, there are 10 subtests as mentioned above.
- P&P-ASVAB or Paper & Pencil - ASVAB. In this version of the test, there are 9 subtests, the Shop Information and Auto Information subtests are combined to form 1 subtest and it is called Auto & Shop Information (AS).
|Type||Subtest||No. of Questions||Time Duration (minutes)|
|CAT-ASVAB||GS - General Science||16||8|
|AR - Arithmetic Reasoning||16||39|
|WK - Word Knowledge||16||8|
|PC - Paragraph Comprehension||11||22|
|MK - Mathematics Knowledge||16||20|
|EI - Electronics Information||16||8|
|AI - Auto Information||11||7|
|SI - Shop Information||11||6|
|MC - Mechanical Comprehension||16||20|
|AO - Assembling Objects||25||15|
|P&P-ASVAB||GS - General Science||25||11|
|AR - Arithmetic Reasoning||30||36|
|WK - Word Knowledge||35||11|
|PC - Paragraph Comprehension||15||13|
|MK - Mathematics Knowledge||25||24|
|EI - Electronics Information||20||9|
|AS - Auto & Shop Information||25||11|
|MC - Mechanical Comprehension||25||19|
|AO - Assembling Objects||25||15|
Purpose of the ASVAB
The main purpose of the Army ASVAB is to determine whether the candidate is suitable for getting enlisted in the U.S. Army or not. This is determined by the AFQT score. The other purpose of this test is to identify the candidate's strengths and assign him/her the best suited army job. This is determined by the Composite score.
The first step in getting enlisted in the U.S.Army is to get a minimum score of 31 in the AFQT score (in rare cases, the minimum score is decreased). AFQT stands for Armed Forces Qualification Test. The AFQT score is computed from the scores of 4 subtests; the Arithmetic Reasoning, the Math Knowledge, the Word Knowledge and the Paragraph Comprehension, of the ASVAB.
Army Line Scores
The ASVAB scores are broken down into groups and are called the Line Scores. Army ASVAB line scores help in the selection for specific army jobs.The combination of different subtest scores is called the composite scores. The composite score determines whether you qualify for a specific army job or not. The different job categories available in the Army and how the scores for them are determined have been given below,
- Clerical (CL) - Verbal Expression + Arithmetic Reasoning + Mathematics Knowledge
- Combat (CO) - Verbal Expression + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Comprehension
- Electronics (EL) - General Science + Arithmetic Reasoning + mathematics Knowledge + Electronics Information
- Field Artillery (FA) - Arithmetic Reasoning + Mathematics Knowledge + Mechanical Comprehension
- General Maintenance (GM) - General Science + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Knowledge + Electronics Information
- General Technical (GT) - Verbal Expression + Arithmetic Reasoning
- Operators and Food (OF) - Verbal Expression + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Comprehension
- Surveillance and Communications (SC) - Verbal Expression + Arithmetic Reasoning + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Comprehension
- Skilled Technical - General Science + Verbal Expression +Mechanical Comprehension + Mathematics Knowledge
The Army ASVAB score determines if you are fit to get enlisted in the U.S. Army or not. If your ambition is to join the U.S. Army, understand the ASVAB test format and prepare well. This will help you be part of the U.S. Army.
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