Requirements for ASVAB for Army
Criterion for Army ASVAB Selection
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery or the ASVAB is the
selection test administered by the Department of Defenses to identify
potential Armed Forces candidates. The U.S. Army also uses this test
for selection purposes.
All tests have certain requirements; similarly, this test also has some eligibility criteria. One has to know about the requirements before he/she attempts the test. This knowledge will help one in preparing well and scoring better in the test. These criteria can be broadly divided into those that are verified before one takes up the test and the other after the scores are released.
A brief knowledge of this test will help to understand the requirements better. This is a multi-aptitude test. It consists of subtests, 10 in the case of Computer Adaptive-ASVAB and 9 in the case of Paper & Pencil ASVAB.
Eligibility Criteria- Pre-ASVAB Test
The very basic of the many requirements of ASVAB is that the candidate must be a citizen of the U.S.
The students must at least be 18 years of age to join the Army without parental consent. However, 17 year olds can also join but with parental consent. Though there is no minimum age for taking up the test, usually candidates who are over the age of 17 attempt the test. The test score is valid for 2 years. Therefore, sophomore year students, even if they take up the test, may not be eligible for enlistment.
- Educational Qualification
Another requirement is that, the candidate must be a high school or a GED graduate.
- Personal Background
The candidate who wants to take up this test should not have any criminal background or a failed drug screening. The number of dependents and medical history is also verified.
Eligibility Criteria Post-ASVAB Test
The scores are the criteria that are considered after one takes up the ASVAB. To understand this, one must learn about the different scoring formats. The scores are released in three different formats:
- Standard Scores- The scores of the different subtests after the process of equating are called the Standard Scores. These scores are used for computing the Composite and the AFQT scores.
- AFQT Scores- The Armed Forces Qualifying Test (AFQT) scores are used for the selection of the candidates. It is calculated by computing the scores of four of the 10 or 9 subtests. The subtests used for this calculation are Arithmetic Reasoning, Mathematics Knowledge, Paragraph Comprehension and the Word Knowledge. The minimum AFQT score is 31 to get enlisted in the U.S. Army.
- Composite Scores- After getting enlisted in the U.S. Army, the composite scores are used to decide the job that one gets. The composite scores are calculated by using different formulae and rules on the standard scores. Different jobs require different kind of abilities and aptitude. The candidate's ability, capacity and aptitude for a particular field of job can be judged with the composite scores. The different fields available in the Army and the way the composite scores are calculated as shown below:
- Clerical (CL) - Verbal Expression + Arithmetic Reasoning + Mathematics Knowledge
- Combat (CO) - Verbal Expression + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Comprehension
- Electronics (EL) - General Science + Arithmetic Reasoning + mathematics Knowledge + Electronics Information
- Field Artillery (FA) - Arithmetic Reasoning + Mathematics Knowledge + Mechanical Comprehension
- General Maintenance (GM) - General Science + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Knowledge + Electronics Information
- General Technical (GT) - Verbal Expression + Arithmetic Reasoning
- Operators and Food (OF) - Verbal Expression + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Comprehension
- Surveillance and Communications (SC) - Verbal Expression + Arithmetic Reasoning + Auto & Shop Information + Mechanical Comprehension
- Skilled Technical - General Science + Verbal Expression +Mechanical Comprehension + Mathematics Knowledge
The requirements of ASVAB for Army are many and one needs to satisfy all of them to get enlisted. However, with a little practice and proper preparation, one can definitely get enlisted in the U.S. Army and fulfill the desired goals.